During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to stay healthy and keep watch over loved ones. We have provided first aid tips for cardiac arrest victim that can be handled from home during the lockdown. Examine the steps carefully and do not panic. Ensure you call for help immediately, and while you await help, follow the procedures below:
Cardiac arrest is when the heart stops pumping.
If a person isn’t breathing or doesn’t have a pulse, consider them in dire straits. Make every second count. Don’t panic. What you need to do is to call for medical assistance. But while you are on it or awaiting help, do the following to keep the person alive.
You will have to perform a CPR.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest.Wikipedia
Do not move the neck of the victim if you suspect head or neck injury.
ABCs OF CPR
- Open the airway by tilting the head backward. If there is a head or neck injury suspected, open the airway by lifting the jaw and do not move the neck.
B. Rescue Breathing
- Look for chest movement.
- Listen for breathing
- Feel for breathe on your cheek
- If you do not feel any sign of breathing, begin rescue breathing immediately:
- Keep head back.
- Pinch nose shut
- Place mouth over victim’s mouth. If the victim is an infant, place your mouth over both nose and mouth. Mouth to nose breathing can be used if unable to cover the infant’s nose and mouth.
- Give two slow breaths – the correct amount of air for each breath is the amount that causes the chest to rise.
- Continue with one breathe every 5 seconds – one every 3 second for an infant or child.
- If air does not enter victim’s chest – refer to choking.
C. Circulation (CPR)
- Look for visible signs of circulation no longer than 10 seconds. Look for any response to rescue breaths such as coughing, movement, or normal breathing.
- If signs of circulation are present continue rescue breathing.
- If no sign of circulation are present begin chest compressions.
How to go about chest compression
- Place victim face up on a hard, flat surface.
- Place both hands – one on top of the other – in the center of the chest, right between the nipples.
- FOR ADULTS: Press straight down to compress chest one and half to two at the rate of 100 times per minute. After every 15 compressions give two slow breaths. Repeat sequence four times and reassess looking for signs of circulation.
- FOR CHILD: (1-8 years) compress chest 1 inch – 1 and half inches with heel of one hand at a rate of 100 times per minute. After every five compressions give one breath. Repeat sequence twenty times and reassess looking for signs of circulation.
If no signs of circulation, resume CPR.
If signs of circulation are present, check breathing.